JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT05] [EJ] Decoding the history of Earth: From Hadean to Modern

Tue. May 23, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 201B (International Conference Hall 2F)

convener:Tsuyoshi Komiya(Department of Earth Science & Astronomy Graduate School of Arts and Sciences The University of Tokyo), Yasuhiro Kato(Department of Systems Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo), Katsuhiko Suzuki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chairperson:Shogo Aoki(Graduate School of arts and science, University of Tokyo)

2:15 PM - 2:30 PM

[BPT05-03] The Hadean environment inferred from mineral inclusions within the oldest terrestrial zircons

*Shinji Yamamoto1, Daiki Tanaka2, Shuhei Sakata3, Hideyuki Obayashi4, Takafumi Hirata4, Yukio Isozaki5, Tsuyoshi Komiya5 (1.Graduate School of Environment and Information Sciences, Yohohama National University, 2.College of Engineering Science, yokohama National University, 3.Department of Chemistry, Gakushuin University, 4.Graduate School of Schience, The Universitu of Tokyo, 5.Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Hadean, zircon, mineral inclusion

Terrestrial rock records during Hadean era (> 4.0 Ga) are scarcely preserved due to surface erosion, subduction, and intense meteorite bombardment. Clues about conditions during this time can be deduced from detrital zircon and its mineral inclusions as old as 4.4 Ga recovered from metasedimentary rocks at Jack Hills in the Narryer Gneiss Complex, Western Australia [1-2]. Hadean zircons from Jack Hills contain various mineral inclusions such as muscovite, quartz, plagioclase, biotite, hornblende, apatite, magnetite, and biogenic carbon (graphite). Investigations of these mineral inclusions have suggested the emergence of a hydrosphere, granitic continental crust, sedimentary cycling, geo-magnetic field, and biosphere in Hadean earth [3-6]. Especially, chemistry of apatite inclusions in zircon reflects the compositions of whole rocks, thus can characterize the host magma [7]. However, the percentage of Hadean zircons to detrital zircons in Jack Hills was as small as 5% [8]. Moreover, skepticism about the preservation of such inclusions have recently raised because of secondary metamorphic overprint [9]. Owing to these reasons, large number of age analysis for zircon grains and precise identification of primary mineral inclusions must be operated to derive reliable information for Hadean earth environment.
To overcome this, we have developed rapid and precise dating technique using laser ablation ICP-mass spectrometer (LA-ICP-MS). Mineral inclusions in the zircons were investigated using laser Raman microspectroscopy, equipped with high-speed Raman mapping system. Our preliminary results show that primary apatite and melt inclusions are successfully recovered from zircons of over 4.0 Ga out of 3000 checked grains. The chemistry of apatite and melt inclusions are commonly utilized to characterize host rock, missing Hadean crust. Combination of rapid U-Pb dating with LA-ICP-MS and mineral identification with laser Raman leads us to trace a missing Hadean environment from the oldest zircon of the Earth.

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