9:30 AM - 9:45 AM
[BPT05-15] Oceanic sulfate increase events in the Ediacaran ocean
We carried out sulfur isotope analyses of CAS and CRS of Ediacaran drill core samples collected from the Three Gorges. To reduce contamination from CRS fraction into CAS fraction, we employed an improved method to extract the pure CAS. The newly obtained δ34SCAS values display a smooth curve above the lower part of Member 2 of the Doushantuo Formation and range from +18.7‰ to +46.4‰, except for a datum of -3.7‰. The δ34SCRS values also display a smooth curve, and range from -18.6 to +42.8‰. The differences between δ34SCAS and δ34SCRS values are negatively correlated with δ34SCRS values, suggesting that the δ34SCRS values likely reflect degree of isotopic fractionation during sulfate reduction. The δ34SCAS data in sediments deposited before Shuram excursion are unsynchronized among South China, USA, Mexico, and Oman. The heterogeneous δ34SCAS data possibly arose from low oceanic sulfate concentration, because residence time of oceanic sulfate fell below a mixing time of the various ocean basins when sulfate concentration was low.
The stratigraphic profile of δ34SCRS exhibits two negative excursions, and we firstly found that the both excursions coincide with the positive excursions of the 87Sr/86Sr ratio and the negative excursions of the δ13C value of the carbonate (δ13Ccarb). These correlations indicate that enhanced oxidative weathering increased oceanic sulfate concentration and accelerated release of isotopically light carbon through sulfate reduction of organic matter. Furthermore, the δ34SCAS decreases from +23.5‰ to +18.7‰ parallel with the Shuram excursion. This decreasing trend during the Shuram excursion is comparable to those in Mexico, USA, and Oman. Therefore decrease of δ34SCAS concomitant with the Shuram excursion was a global trend, and this fact further suggests increase of oceanic sulfate concentration during this period. During the Shuram excursion, δ13Ccarb values started to co-vary with δ13C values of the organic carbon, which indicates that a large oceanic organic carbon pool was exhausted owing to elevated oceanic sulfate level and extensive sulfate reduction. Our new results indicate that enhanced oxidative weathering supplied sulfate into ocean and induced high oceanic sulfate level and subsequent Shuram excursion during the late Ediacaran.