JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT05] [EJ] Decoding the history of Earth: From Hadean to Modern

Wed. May 24, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 201B (International Conference Hall 2F)

convener:Tsuyoshi Komiya(Department of Earth Science & Astronomy Graduate School of Arts and Sciences The University of Tokyo), Yasuhiro Kato(Department of Systems Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo), Katsuhiko Suzuki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chairperson:Tsuyoshi Komiya(Department of Earth Science & Astronomy Graduate School of Arts and Sciences The University of Tokyo)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[BPT05-23] Genesis and distribution of rare-earth elements and yttrium-rich mud in the South Pacific Ocean

*Kentaro Nakamura1, Siyang Li1, Kazutaka Yasukawa1,2, Kazuhide Mimura1, Koichiro Fujinaga2,1, Junichiro Ohta3,1, Shiki Machida3,1, Yasuhiro Kato1,2,3 (1.School of Engineering, University of Tokyo, 2.ORCeNG, Chiba Institute of Technology, 3.JAMSTEC)

Keywords:REY-rich mud, deep-sea mineral resources, IODP Exp. 329, bulk chemical composition, South Pacific Ocean

In 2011, Kato et al. [1] reported the potential of deep-sea sediment containing high concentrations of rare-earth elements and yttrium (REY-rich mud) in the Pacific Ocean as a new source for REY. It has been demonstrated that the REY-rich mud are distributed mainly in two regions: the eastern South Pacific and central North Pacific. In the North Pacific Ocean, REY-rich mud has also been discovered within the Japanese exclusive economic zone (EEZ) around Minamitorishima island [2]. Subsequently, detailed geochemical study on the REY-rich mud in the North Pacific Ocean proceeded rapidly, clarifying its distribution, stratigraphic position, and structural components including the host phases of REY [3, 4].
In striking contrast to the substantial progress in the North Pacific Ocean, REY-rich muds in the South Pacific Ocean has still not been well understood, even though their high ΣREY concentrations (> 2000 ppm) [1]. This is, at least in part, due to the lack of sediment cores recovered from the South Pacific Ocean (especially southern part of the South Pacific Ocean). IODP cores recovered by Exp. 329 [5] can provide a unique opportunity to elucidate genesis and distribution of REY-rich mud in the South Pacific Ocean.
In this study, we present the results of geochemical analysis of sediment samples obtained from the IODP Exp. 329 cores and discuss the distribution, stratigraphic position, and constituting components of the South Pacific Ocean REY-rich mud. We also compare our results with those in the North Pacific Ocean.

References : [1] Kato et al. (2011) Nature Geoscience 4, 535-539. [2] Iijima et al. (2016) Geochemical Journal 50, 557-573. [3] Nakamura et al. (2016) JpGU Abstract. [4] Mimura et al. (2017) JpGU Abstract. [5] D’Hondt et al. (2011) Proc. IODP, vol. 329.