JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EJ] Poster

B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT05] [EJ] Decoding the history of Earth: From Hadean to Modern

Wed. May 24, 2017 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Tsuyoshi Komiya(Department of Earth Science & Astronomy Graduate School of Arts and Sciences The University of Tokyo), Yasuhiro Kato(Department of Systems Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo), Katsuhiko Suzuki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

[BPT05-P09] Hydrogen Isotopic Composition of Archean Seafloor Basalts & Gabbros

*Tomokazu Murai(Ueno)1, Yuichiro Ueno1, Julien Foriel (1.Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Keywords:Hydrogen isotpe, Archean, Earth's History

The oceans are the main water reservoir in Earth’s surface. The evolution of the hydrogen isotopes composition of seawater reflects the hydrogen budget in Earth's ocean and atmosphere through time. We have analyzed hydrogen and oxygen isotopic composition of Archean seafloor basalts and gabbros in 3.2 Ga Pilbara Cleaverville Formation, Western Australia. The Cleaverville Formation has undergone regional sub-greenschist to amphibolite facies metamorphism and was interpreted by Shibuya et al., 2007 as an metamorphized ophiolite. So it is possible that hydrated Cleaverville Formation basalts and gabbros preserved δD reflecting the seawater value at 3.2 Ga.
Our results show a clear correlation between metamorphic facies in hydrated ocean-floor minerals and H and O isotopic compositions. The measured δD values are positively correlated with δ18O values and H2O content in response to metamorphic grade. By analogy with moden seafloor basalts, the correlation beween δD and H2O content implies seafloot basalt hydrothermal alteration and dehydration with metamorphism. From this hypothesis, we estimate that seawater at 3.2 Ga was depleted in deuterium by about 20‰ compared to modern seawater.