10:00 AM - 10:15 AM
[BPT06-05] Terrestrial environmental reconstruction by biomarker analyses of coaly sediments in the Cretaceous Hakobuchi Formation, Yezo Group, Hokkaido, Japan
Keywords:terrestrial paleoenvironment, biomarker, Cretaceous, coal
Biomarkers such as n-alkane, hopanoid, steroid, sesquiterpenoid, and diterpenoid are mainly detected. Organic matter in coals in the Hakobuchi Formation are confirmed to be immature (sub-bituminous coal). The distribution patterns of n-alkanes show strong odd carbon number preferences. Each samples indicate different distribution patterns which maximising at n-C25, n-C27 or n-C29, and their averaged chain length (ACL) values are 26.7 - 28.4. Short chain n-alkanes (n-C23, n-C25) are known to be related to the aquatic ecosystem. The sample showing low ACL may have been deposited under strong aquatic ecosystem. Most samples indicate α- and β-hopanes distribution maximising at C31. We found that C31/C30 and C31/C32 hopane ratios are well linearly correlated to ACL values. The relationships suggest that microbial degradation causes important role for peat bog ecosystem and coalification processes. Sesquiterpenoids and diterpenoids, which are derived from gymnosperm, are mainly detected. However, triterpenoids, which are originated from angiosperm, are not much detected. Thus, it is possible that gymnospermous plants were dominant in the paleovegetation in Hokkaido Island during the Campanian to Maastrichtian.