10:45 AM - 11:00 AM
[BPT06-07] Faunal dynamics of photosymbiotic planktic foraminifers in the Eocene thermal event
Keywords:Planktic foraminifer, Photosymbiosis, Eocene, Thermal event, Faunal dynamics
In this study, we examined fossil assemblages and accumulation rates (specimens/cm2/k.y.) of planktic foraminifers to discuss assemblage dynamics of photosymbiotic species in a hyperthermal event occurred in the early Eocene. The samples are recovered by Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Expedition 342, Site U1407 at Southeast Newfoundland Ridge, Atlantic Ocean, and dated at 45–50 Ma. Abrupt decrease in carbonate content from ~80 wt% to ~40 wt% is observed in the middle of the interval analyzed. The decrease in carbonate content is accompanies by sharp decrease in δ18O of bulk carbonate by 0.6 ‰, indicating the decrease in this carbonate content occurred with warming . It is assumed that this decrease in carbonate content shows shoaling of the carbonate compensation depth (CCD). Additionally, two other warming events have been found prior to the decrease in carbonate content. There were three hyperthermal events within ~1.5 m.y., and the youngest one was accompanied by the shoaling of CCD. At the oldest event, accumulation rate of total planktic foraminifers, including both symbiotic and asymbiotic genera, decreased significantly. Since both mixed layer and thermocline/subthermocline dwellers were depressed, the oldest event represents changes in some sysmtems in the whole water column. The simultaneous decrease in δ13C of bulk carbonate with δ18O possibly indicates decrease in primary production. While the accumulation rates of total planktic foraminifers were small and unchanged at the second event, the accumulation rate of Morozovella and Morozovelloides further decreased down to almost zero (specimen/cm2/k.y.) at the youngest event. On the other hand, asymbiotic species markedly increased. These observations indicate that photosymbiotic genera are selectively affected by the youngest event, which implies the collapse of photosymbiotic consortia caused by the global warming. In contrast to these two symbiotic genera, the accumulation rate of symbiotic Acarinina increased. Considering that Acarinina and Morozovella inhabited at the same depth within a mixed layer (Pearson et al., 2001), this difference against the hyperthermal event may indicate that Acarinina utilized different algae from that in Morozovella, or was less dependent on the photosymbiosis than Morozovella.