JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT06] [JJ] Biotic History

Sat. May 20, 2017 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Isao Motoyama(Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Yamagata University), Takao Ubukata(Division of Geology & Mineralogy, Department of Earth & Planetary Sciences, Kyoto University), Kazuyoshi Moriya(Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Education and Integrated Arts and Sciences, Waseda University)

[BPT06-P02] The significance of the Middle Pleistocene freshwater fishes from the Nogami Formation in Kyushu, Japan based on the study of phylogeny and paleobiogeography of the genus Nipponocypris

*Shinya Miyata1, Yoshitaka Yabumoto2 (1.Oishi Fossils Gallery of Mizuta Memorial Museum Josai University Educational Corporation, 2.Kitakyushu Museum of Natural History and Human History)

Keywords:Cyprinid fishes, Pleistocene, Nogami Formation, freshwater fishes, Nipponocypris, opsariichthins

Many well preserved freshwater fish fossils have been found from the Middle Pleistocene Nogami Formation, which is a lacustrine diatomaceous bed in Kusu Basin, Oita Prefecture in the northern part of Kyushu, Japan. Six species, five genera and six families have been recognized. These are Oncorhynchus masou subsp. of Salmonidae, Hemibarbus barbus x labeo, Zacco cf. Z. temminckii (= Nipponocypris sp.) and Acheilognathus sp. of Cyprinidae and Rhinogobius brunneus and R. similis of Gobiidae.
These fossils are important to study about the origin and history of the Recent freshwater fish fauna of Japan and East Asia, because many well presearved specimens allow us to accomplish the phylogenitic and paleobiogeographical studies of each species based on the comparison with Resent ones.
In the present study, we conducted the phylogenetic and paleobiogeographical studies of Recent opsariichthins and the fossils from the Middle Pleistocene Nogami Formation in Oita Prefecture, Northern Kyushu, Japan.
The opsariichthin group is one of the common Asian endemic cyprinid fishes, which is distributed in China, Southeastern Asia , Korea, eastern Russia, Taiwan and Japan, and consists of following five genera: Zacco, Opsariichthys, Parazacco, Candidia, and Nipponocypris. Fossils of opsariichthins have been found from the Pleistocene Nogami Formation of Kusu Basin in Oita, the Miocene deposits in Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan, the Lower Eocene Buxin Formation in China and others.
The fossil opsariichthin from the Nogami Formation is assigned to the genus Nipponocypris because of eight supuraneurals, the posterior margin of the opercle concave and 42-44 vertebrae. The genus consists of following three species: Nipponocypris temminckii, N.sieboldii and N. koreanus.
The result of the cladistic analysis of Recent and fossil opsariichthins suggest that the fossil opsariichthine from the Nogami Formation is the sister species of Nipponocypris temminckii. It indicates the possibility that the ancestor of N. temminckii appeared at latest the Middle Pleistocene time. The existence of this fossil and N. temminckii distributed in the western part of Japan and the southern part of Korean Peninsula suggest that N. temminckii probably derived in Japan and migrated to Korean Peninsula after the Middle Pleistocene. This is significant to understand the origin and speciation of other Japanese freshwater fishes having the same distribution pattern like Coreoperca kawamebari.