[AAS01-P07] Analysis of optimal conditions for photo-based 3D modeling of cloud-like objects
Keywords:Cloud Observation, 3D Modeling, Camera Images, Precipitation Forecast
In order to examine the optimum conditions, images of the cloud-like objects, a lump of cotton and a piece of clay, were taken from different angles with digital cameras (Nikon D5500). The images were then processed by the 3D modeling software PhotoScanPro to construct a 3D model with which the location and size of the objects will be calculated. Up to now (15 Feb 2017), several preliminary experiments have been conducted. Using a lump of cotton hung with thin threads, images were captured with different dihedral angle between cloud-camera planes (θ = 1º, 2º, 3º… as indicated in Fig 1) to examine the viability to construct 3D models (A) and the accuracy of the calculated distance (B) and the surface area (C) of the models. Another experiment was held by capturing all-round photos of a piece of clay to generate a 3D model and examine the accuracy of volume measurements (D). Finally, using the cotton, multiple photos were captured with different positions of light source to evaluate the influence on the resulting models (E).
The results of the experiments are as follows: (A) although it varied depending on the number of photos, there was a maximum angle with which a 3D model could be made. The angle got the bigger the more photos were used. (B) Also, with the larger dihedral angles, the accuracy of the calculated distances improved and (C) the surface areas of the produced 3D models expanded. (D) In the second experiment, the calculated volume of the clay was about 30% smaller than the actual volume. This is most likely because the shaded bottom side of the clay made the model incomplete and this issue could be solved by changing the exposure of the camera. (E) The final experiment regarding the light source positions gave an outcome that the resulting 3D models were not very different with different positions of the light.
From the results of the experiment, we have found some of the optimum conditions. For further investigation, we will look into other conditions such as the number of cameras, elevation angle of cameras, size of the object taking up each image, and camera exposure to see if they affect the accuracy of resulting 3D models and measurements. We are also planning to take actual photos of clouds and generate 3D models using them in order to evaluate the validity of the preliminary experiments. In the end, by applying those conditions to the actual photo-capturing situation, consecutive images will repeatedly be captured to construct 3D models, the accumulation of which could help determine criteria for precipitation forecast.
Keywords: Cloud Observation, 3D Modeling, Camera Images, Precipitation Forecast