JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS04] [EE] Global Carbon Cycle Observation and Analysis

Tue. May 23, 2017 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[AAS04-P08] A sharp increase in CO2 concentration in West Siberia: anthropogenic impact or response of Siberian ecosystems to a changing climate

*Sergey Borisovich Belan1, Toshinobu Machida2, Motoki Sasakawa2, Mikhail Arshinov1, Boris Belan1, Shamil Maksyutov2, Denis Davydov1, Alexander Fofonov1 (1. V.E. Zuev Institute of Atmospheric Optics Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, 2.National Institute for Environmental Studies)

Keywords:Atmosphere, Concentration, Greenhouse gases, Tendencie

A sharp increase in CO2 concentration in West Siberia: anthropogenic impact or response of Siberian ecosystems to a changing climate

Long-term airborne observations of greenhouse gases carried out in the troposphere over south-western area of West Siberia since 1997 allowed some specific features in CO2 trends to be revealed at different heights. At an altitude of 7 km above ground level (AGL), the average annual rate of CO2 increase was 1.72 ppm yr-1. The main distinctive features in the tendencies of CO2 mixing ratio have been found in the lower troposphere. Thus, for the period from 1997 to 2004, July concentrations of CO2 at an altitude of 500 m AGL increased slightly with a rate of 0.17 ppm yr-1, while since 2005 they began to rise dramatically with a rate of 3.64 ppm yr-1.

Analysis of the possible causes of such long-term behavior showed that it was resulted from neither reduction of forest area, nor wildfires, nor forest diseases. Also it is impossible to state that reducing CO2 sink has been caused by the impact of climate changes on ecosystems.

Possibly, anthropogenic CO2 accumulation resulted in that Siberian forests cannot assimilate such additional amount of carbon dioxide. A decrease in the sink for atmospheric CO2 is also observed in the Amazon (Brienen et al. 2015). Brienen et al. (2015) assume that it may be caused by a sustained long-term increase in tree mortality. There is also a supposition that it can be a result of a vegetation replacement by other types of plants or young trees, which absorb less amount of CO2 (Kunstler et al., 2015; Crowther T. W., 2015). However, it seems highly unlikely to test these hyposeses in the near future due to a huge area of West Siberia, most regions of which are difficult to access.

This work was funded by the Global Environment Research Account for National Institutes of the Ministry of the Environment (Japan).

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Kunstler G. et al. 2015. Plant functional traits have globally consistent effects on competition. Nature. 528 (7583), 34–38.
Crowther T.W. et al. 2015. Mapping tree density at a global scale. Nature. 525 (7568), 201–205.