[AAS12-P02] An Ultra-high Resolution Numerical Weather Prediction with a Large Domain: Case Study of the Izu Oshima Heavy Rainfall Event in October 2013
Keywords:heavy rainfall, high-resolution, JMA-NHM, K computer
The following five factors of the NWP model were investigated. (1) grid spacing (2 km and 500, 250 m), (2) boundary layer physics (Mellor-Yamada-Nakanishi-Niino [MYNN] level 3, and Deardorff [DD]), (3) model domain size, (4) lateral boundary conditions (LBCs), and (5) terrain data
The turbulence closure models greatly influenced on the position of the rainband. The experiments with DD simulated the rainband at the similar position to the observation than that of the experiment with MYNN. The sensitivity experiments on the domain size and LBCs, in Izu Oshima case showed the importance of having the large domain and the inclusion of cloud microphysical quantities in the LBCs. The finer grid model with the accurate terrain representation improved the precipitation distribution in the island.
These results demonstrate that the very high-resolution NWP model with the large domain has the ability to better predict the meso scale rain band and associated precipitation.