JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG43] [EE] Air-sea interaction in the extratropics

Sat. May 20, 2017 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[ACG43-P06] The role of midlatitude oceanic front in the formation of the climatological-mean atmospheric circulation

*Kazuaki Nishii1, Bunmei Taguchi3,2, Akira Kuwano-Yoshida2, Hisashi Nakamura2,3, Yu Kosaka3, Takafumi Miyasaka3 (1.Graduate School of Bioresources, Mie University, 2.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3.RCAST, University of Tokyo)

Keywords:oceanic front, midlatitude air-sea interaction

We have performed a set of 15-member ensemble experiments using an atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) to evaluate the role of midlatitude oceanic fronts in forming the climatological-mean atmospheric circulation. The first set of experiments (CNTL) is forced with satellite-observed sea surface temperature (SST) while the second set (SMTH) is with smoothed SST in which steep meridional gradient of SST associated with confluence of warm subtropical and cool subarctic current is largely reduced. Difference between the two experiments (CNTL-SMTH) highlights the role of frontal SST gradient. Namely, resolving the SST front in the mid-latitude North Pacific leads to enhancement of northward eddy heat flux by transient eddies around the latitudes of the SST front. It also leads to weakening of westerlies just to south of the climatological subtropical jet, while enhancement of the westerlies to the north of it in the mid to upper troposphere. Tropospheric geopotential height response to the frontal SST gradient is characterized by a meridional dipole of negative and positive anomalies over the Sea of Okhotsk and over the midlatitude western North Pacific, respectively, which resembles the Western Pacific (WP) pattern. In association with the WP-like pattern, the polar stratospheric temperature is elevated. Resolving SST front over the North Atlantic shows similar atmospheric responses to that over the North Pacific.