[ACG44-P05] Characteristics on the seasonal march of rainfall at Manila for the late 19th century - the early 20th century
Keywords:Manila, rainfall, seasonal march, long-term change, data rescue
From the dataset, we used daily rainfall data at Manila where has the longest records of the observation in the Philippines. Based on daily rainfall at Manila from 1868 to 1940, we calculated pentad rainfall to study the seasonal change excluding daily rainfall variations. There are no data in 1875, 1877 and 1889. Manila has distinct dry season for February-April and wet season for May-October. Thus, to investigate the long-term changes in the seasonal march of rainfall at Manila, we determined the onset and withdrawal pentads of the rainy season: the onset (withdrawal) pentad corresponds to the first pentad when the pentad rainfall exceeds (falls below) 25mm since April. As results, the inter-annual variability in the onset of the rainy season since 1914 was small and the delayed withdrawal frequently appeared compared to the period before 1914. The durations of the rainy seasons for 1914-1940 were longer than those for 1950-2012. We will discuss these characteristics on the seasonal march of rainfall at Manila for the late 19th century-the early 20th century and its relation to the long-term variability in the Asian summer monsoon.