[ACG49-P05] A research plan of typhoon observation using an aircraft: T-PARCII
Keywords:Typhoon, dropsonde, aircraft observation
In typhoon seasons (mostly in August and September), we will perform aircraft observations of typhoons. Using dropsondes from the aircraft, temperature, humidity, pressure, and wind are measured in surroundings of the typhoon inner core region. Then, more accurate estimations and forecasts of the typhoon intensity will be made as well as typhoon tracks. After a test flight in March 2017, typhoon observations will be made for next 4 years; 2017-2020. The main target area of observation is the south of Okinawa where a typhoon reaches the maximum intensity and often changes its moving direction. This research will advance aircraft observation technique of typhoon in Japan. The aircraft observation will be a breakthrough to improve typhoon intensity estimations. Assimilation of the aircraft observation data to the cloud-resolving model will improve intensity estimations and forecasts of typhoons. This is the first step for the future advanced aircraft observation and will contribute to prevention or reduction of typhoon disasters.