JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW32] [EE] Biodiversity, nutrients and other materials in ecosystems from headwaters to coasts

Sat. May 20, 2017 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[AHW32-P12] Land use impact on benthic macroinvertebrate assemblages in selected lotic ecosystems in a government-declared protected landscape

*Katharine Grace Rojas Espiritu1, Jana Nicole Abiol De Vera1, Francis Godwin Garcia Cantre1, Elfritzson Martin Peralta2, Irisse Bianca Baldovino De Jesus2,3, Paul Palomares4, Jonathan Carlo Briones1,2,3, Tohru Ikeya5, Francis Magbanua4, Rey Donne Papa1,2,3, Noboru Okuda5 (1.University of Santo Tomas, College of Science, 2.Research Center for Natural and Applied Sciences, 3.The Graduate School, University of Santo Tomas, Espana Boulevard, Metro Manila, Philippines, 4.Institute of Biology, University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines, 5.Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kita-ku, Motoyama, Kyoto, Japan)

Keywords:Upper Marikina River Basin Protected Landscape, Biomonitoring, Stream biodiversity

The Upper Marikina River Basin Protected Landscape (UMRBPL) was established to rehabilitate the Marikina watershed. However, these areas remain prominently residential and agricultural; which in turn may create disturbances to the ecosystem. One way to investigate the condition of the lotic systems is through the use of biomonitoring. In this research, ten sites (residential, agricultural, and combined land use) were sampled for physicochemical parameters and benthic macroinvertbrates. A total of 2,385 samples were identified belonging to 70 genera from 38 families of 12 orders. Principal component analysis determined the environmental gradients among sites. Hierarchical clustering analysis determined site clustering based on conductivity and taxa density, despite the difference in land use. Canonical correspondence analysis showed the affinity of Paraleptophlebia sp., Sparsorythus sp., Afronurus sp., Acentrella sp., and Baetiella sp. to temperature; Baetiella sp. and Cheumatopsyche sp. to pH; and Caenis spp. to DO. It also showed the sensitivity of Ceratopsyche sp. to DO and conductivity; Thiara sp., Melanoides spp., Corbicula sp., Naucoris sp., Microcylloepus sp., Neoperla sp., Elodes sp., Parochlus sp., Chimarra sp., and Oestropsyche sp. to conductivity. The study also found out that the presence of anthropogenic factors may be the leading cause to the changes in water quality, which, in the case of this study, shows that the rampant use of pesticides in the studied agricultural areas of the UMRBPL caused the water’s acidic pH. This resultedto a negative impact on stream biodiversity as compared to residential and combined-use areas. It would therefore be necessary to assess the types and kinds of pesticides used in these agricultural areas as they have shown to decrease stream biodiversity.