JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW32] [EE] Biodiversity, nutrients and other materials in ecosystems from headwaters to coasts

Sat. May 20, 2017 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[AHW32-P15] Observation for the temporal variation of lacustrine groundwater discharge (LGD) in Lake Biwa

*Mitsuyo Saito1, Shin-ichi Onodera2, Aiping Zhu2,3, Yusuke Tomozawa2, Guangzhe Jin2, Syuhei Ban4, Noboru Okuda5 (1.Graduate School of Environmental and Life Science, Okayama University, 2.Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University, 3.School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, 4.The University of Shiga Prefecture, 5.Research Institute for Humanity and Nature)

Keywords:Lacustrine groundwater discharge, Temporal variation, Lake Biwa

Lacustrine groundwater discharge (LGD) is one of the potential nutrient paths from a catchment to a lake. Lake Biwa is the largest freshwater lake in Japan. Some researchers have pointed out the presence of LGD in littoral area of the lake. However, the temporal variation of LGD is not well evaluated in the previous studies. In the present research, we aimed to examine the temporal variation of LGD in Lake Biwa based on the results of continuous measurements at the littoral area.
We conducted the mooring observation for about 9 hours from morning to evening in July 2016. Water temperature, electric conductivity and radon (222Rn) concentration in lake water were measured at the littoral areas near Hikone city. 222Rn is a radioactive element of uranium (238U) series with 3.8 day of half-life. 222Rn is a useful tracer of groundwater discharge because it generally enriched in groundwater than surface water. We also measured flow velocity using ADCP (Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler). 222Rn concentration in lake water was totally high compared with the offshore water. It suggests the nearshore water is influenced by LGD. Water level changed about 5 cm and observed maximum velocity was ± 0.2~0.3 m3/s during the period. It indicates exchange process between nearshore water and offshore water occurred in the study area. 222Rn concentration tended to decrease with the increase of water exchange.