JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS15] [EE] Ocean Mixing Matters

Sun. May 21, 2017 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[AOS15-P12] Observations of small island wakes in the Kuroshio: flow-pattern evolution, shear instability and turbulent mixing

*Ming-Huei Chang1, Sen Jan1, Yiing Jang Yang1, Huan-Jie Shao2, Ruo-Shan Tseng2, Chih-Lun Liu1 (1.IONTU Institute of Oceanography National Taiwan University, 2.Department of Oceanography, National Sun Yat-sen University)

Keywords:Kuroshio, island wake, turbulent mixing

Evolution and turbulent mixing of Green Island wake (~5 km in diameter) was investigated in the alongshore flowing Kuroshio (1-1.5 ms-1) east of Taiwan with shipboard ADCP and echo sounder, Underway CTD and microstructure profiler. Repeated 12 cross-wake and 4 along-wake surveys in the lee of Green Island reveal transects of wake evolution and downstream eddy propagation, respectively. In the cross-wake section, the cyclonic and anti-cyclonic recirculation alternatively presents at a period of ~12.5 hours, in agreement with a 1-month moored measurement. A resonance effect with semidiurnal tide is the most likely explanation for the observed period. The repeated along-wake surveys depicted that a cyclonic eddy shed downstream at a speed of 0.34 ms-1, 1/3 of the upstream current speed. A cross-wake microstructure survey reveals an average TKE dissipation rate of O(10-7) WKg-1 and an enhanced value of O(10-5) WKg-1 at the horizontal shear line, separating the mean flow and the recirculation in the leeward side of the island. The depths of enhanced turbulence are co-located with the strong vertical shear of horizontal velocity, where the Kelvin-Helmholtz billows with a vertical scale of ~30 m are observed in the echo sounder image. Presumably, the tilting of the lateral boundary-induced vorticity likely causes the strong vertical shear.