JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

B (Biogeosciences) » B-AO Astrobiology & the Origin of Life

[B-AO01] [EE] Astrobiology: Origins, Evolution, Distribution of Life

Wed. May 24, 2017 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[BAO01-P10] Mutation analysis of the rpoB gene in the radiation-resistant bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans R1 exposed to space

*Daisuke Fujiwara1, Yuko Kawaguchi1, Yuka Togashi1, Kinoshita Iori1, Jun Yatabe1, Issay Narumi2, Kazumichi Nakagawa3, Hirofumi Hashimoto4, Shin-ichi Yokobori1, Akihiko Yamagishi1 (1.Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, 2.Toyo University, 3.Kobe University, 4.ISAS/JAXA)

Keywords:Deinococcus radiodurans R1, DNA damage, Tanpopo mission, mutation analysis, rpoB gene, rifampicin

To investigate the microbial viability and their DNA damage, the radiation-resistant bacteria Deinococcus spp. have been exposed at the Exposure Facility of the International Space Station (ISS) in Tanpopo mission since May 2015 [1, 2]. The Exposure Panel (EP) harboring dried-deinococcal cells was returned to the ground on August 2016 after about one-year exposure. We analyze the survival rate and DNA damage of dried deinococcal cells using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, quantitative-PCR and mutation assay. Rifampicin is an antibiotic that binds to RNA polymerase β-subunit encoded by rpoB gene, thus inhibiting the initial step of transcription. Certain rpoB mutations confer rifampicin resistance to bacteria [3]. On this basis, we determined the mutant frequency and mutation spectrum in the rpoB gene of Deinococcus radiodurans that was exposed to space. From these data, we estimated major DNA damage induced by the space environment.
D. radiodurans R1 cell suspension was dropped in the wells of aluminum plates and dried under vacuum (vacuum-dried). The dried cells were exposed to space, stored in the ISS cabin or in the ground laboratory. After exposure experiment, the cells recovered from each well were used to mix with 10 ml of mTGE medium and cultured until OD590 nm reached between 1.1 and 3.0. The culture was plated on mTGE agar supplemented by 50 µg/ml rifampicin to determine the number of rifampicin resistant cells (RifR), and on mTGE agar without rifampicin to determine the total number of viable cells. We also determined DNA sequences of the rpoB gene extracted from RifR.
The mutant frequencies of space exposed cells and ground control were comparable (Fig. 1). The result suggested that the effect of UV on mutation induction was marginal in dried deinococcal cells exposed to space for about one year. Further, we will report and discuss the mutation spectra of the rpoB gene in rifampicin-resistant cells obtained from samples exposed to space, stored in the ISS cabin or in the ground laboratory.

[1] Yamagishi, A. et al., (2007) Bio. Sci. Space 21: 67−75.
[2] Kawaguchi, Y. et al., (2016) Astrobiology 16: 363−376.
[3] Campbell, E. A. et al., (2001) Cell 104: 901−912.