JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT03] [EE] Biomineralization and the Geochemistry of Proxies -Field ecology, Laboratory culture and Paleo

Sat. May 20, 2017 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[BPT03-P08] Macrofauna Activity in Quaternary Bottom Water Environments off Western Australia: Fecal Pellets Evidence

*Runa Sato1,2, Hokuto Iwatani2, Moriaki Yasuhara2, Briony L Mamo2, Lars Reuning3, Stephen J Gallagher4, Masakazu Nara5, Gerald Auer6, Alireza Rastegar Lari7, Fumito Shiraishi8, Exp.356 scientists (1.Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, 2.University of Hong Kong, 3.Energy & Mineral Resources Group, 4.University of Melbourne, 5.Kochi University, 6.University of Graz, 7.Curtin University of Technology, 8.Hiroshima University)

Keywords:Macrobenthos, Fecal pellet, Ooid, Quaternary

Fossil macrofauna are difficult to assess quantitatively compared with micro- and meiofaunas because of their large body size and rare occurrence, particularly in fine-gained sediments. To estimate the quantitative activity of the macrobenthos, the abundance of the fecal pellet in the Quaternary sediments can be considered. In this investigation, we used a sediment core (Site U1461) recovered off Western Australia in the eastern Indian Ocean during IODP Exp.356.
We focused on horizons that clearly exhibited sedimentary cycles. The upper part of the core mainly comprised of alternating beds of dark-colored packstone/wackestone and light-colored wackestone/mudstone. Well-preserved molluscan fossils and peloids occurred in the light-colored wackestone/mudstone in the upper part of the sedimentary sequence.
The morphological character and size of the peloids within the studied sediments are similar to modern fecal pellets of shallow water polychaetes. The abundance of fossil fecal pellets shows fluctuating trends similar to those of macrofossils (e.g., bivalve, gastropod, scaphopod, and echinoderm) and it is likely that the fecal pellet abundance is an indicator of paleo-macrobenthos activity. This activity was compared to ostracode abundance and temporal changes in fossil fecal pellet abundance and an inverse correlation was found.
In the other intervals, the peloids are replaced by superficial ooids and occurred in conjunction with larger benthic foraminifera, indicating deposition within the photic zone. Thus, these intervals may indicate a shallow water environment during deposition.
In this research, we reveal that the abundance of fossil fecal pellets shows macrobenthic activity, reflecting the evolutions of bottom water environments during the Quaternary.