JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

H (Human Geosciences) » H-QR Quaternary research

[H-QR05] [JJ] Diachronic dynamics of human-environment interactions

Thu. May 25, 2017 3:30 PM - 4:45 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[HQR05-P04] Holocene sedimentary succession and crustal movement in the Tsugaruishi plain, central Sanriku coast, northeast Japan

*Yuichi Niwa1, Toshihiko Sugai2, Yoshiaki Matsushima3, Shinji Toda1 (1.International Research Institute of Disaster Science, 2.Graduate School of Frontier Science, The University of Tokyo, 3.Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural History)

Keywords:Holocene, Sanriku coast, crustal movement

Along the Sanriku coast, discrepancies in crustal movement (105 year scale uplift and 101 – 102 year scale subsidence) have been reported between long (104–105 years) and short (101–102 years) timescales. Well-dated Holocene incised valley sediments provide records of millennial-scale vertical crustal movement, which is a key to understand the tectonic history in this area. Recent study of the age and distribution of early Holocene intertidal deposits in the incised valley suggested that the southern Sanriku coast has subsided during the Holocene with an average rate of about 1 mm/yr. Here we studied three sediment cores collected from the Tsugaruishi plain, on the central Sanriku coast.
A typical Holocene deltaic succession was recognized in both three cores; basal gravel of alluvium, flood plain or estuary sand and mud, inner bay mud with subtidal molluscan shells, deltafront sand layer with upward coarsening successions, and modern fluvial sand, mud, and gravel layer, from lower to upper. In the upperstream site, sand and mud layer with finning upward succession is identified just above deltafront sand layer with coarsening upward succession. This sand mud layer contains in situ intetidal molluscan shell, indicating intertidal deposition. Thus, elevation of this intertidal sediments (ca. -12 m relative to present sea-level) approximates paleo-sea level at the timing of deposition (ca. 7500 cal BP).
Along the Pacific coast of northeast Japan. RSL at 8000 to 7000 cal BP is estimated to be higher than -5 m relative to the present sea level (Okuno et al., 2014). Thus, middle Holocene intertidal deposits at ca. -12 m relative to the present sea-level indicates Holocene subsidence trend along the Tsugaruishi plain as estimated along the southern Sanriku coast.