[MAG34-P07] Distributions of radiocaesium activity in sediment and overlying water off the Fukushima
Keywords:radiocaesium, overlying water, sediment, Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station accident
Sediment samples were collected using a Multiple Corer during UM14-04 cruise in May 2014 at three stations: I01 (37°14’N, 141°07’E, water depth:60 m), I02 (37°14’N, 141°13’E, water depth:120 m) and C (36°55’N, 141°20’E, water depth:190 m).Overlying waters were collected using tube for 2 hours later from collected sediment. In laboratory, collected sediment sample are dried and overlying water samples were filtered through a 0.2-μm pore size filter and was concentrated by the ammonium phosphomolybdate (AMP) method (Aoyama and Hirose, 2008). The radiocaesium activity concentrations in each sediment and overlying water samples were measured by gamma-ray spectrometry using a high-purity Ge-detector and corrected to sampling date.
In overlying water, the dissolved 137Cs activity concentrations (mBq/l) were 3.1-16 and the activity at I01, I02 and C in order from the higher. In the surface-layer sediments (core depth 0-3cm), the activity concentrations (Bq/kg-dry) were 8.4-286 and the high activities at I01 and I02 have characters of relatively high percentage for silt to clay particle compared to those at C. At I02 and C, the activity in overlying water were same value compared those in bottom-layer of seawater, which collected above water depth 10 m from seafloor. On the other hand, the activity in overlying water at I01 was five time higher than those in bottom water. The calculated Kd’ (L/kg) of apparent distribution coefficient using 137Cs activity concentrations in surface-layer sediment and overlying water were 8.8×102-1.5×104 and within rages of recommended Kd value of 2.0×103 for caesium by IAEA TRS422.
This work was partially supported by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas, the Ministry of Education Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), Japan (nos. 24110004, 24110005) and Research and Development to Radiological Sciences in Fukushima Prefecture.