JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EJ] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS10] [EJ] Global climate change driven by the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic Ice Sheet

Wed. May 24, 2017 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[MIS10-P10] Possibility of AABW source originating from meddle size of Polynya along the coast of Australian-Antarctic Basin

*Kitade Yujiro1, Keishi Shimada1, Yuki Ogata1, Shigeru Aoki2, Taiyo Kobayashi4, Kohei Mizobata1, Takeshi Tamura3, Toshio Suga5, Kay I. Ohshima2 (1.Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, 2.University of Tokyo, 3.National Institute of Polar Research, 4.Japan Agensy for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 5.Tohoku University)

Keywords:Antarctic Bottom Water, Dense Shelf Water, Australian-Antarctic Basin, Formation process of shelf water , Vincennes Polynya, Sackleton Polynya

Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW) originating from Vincennes Polynya (VP) was discovered recently (Kitade et al. 2014). The fact that middle size of Polynya also produces AABW suggests the possibility that the unknown formation area still exists along the coast of Australian-Antarctic Basin (AA basin). From the viewpoint of sea ice production, the amount of sea ice production of Sackleton Polynya (SP) in the west of VP is about 1.4 times that of VP (Tamura et al. 2016), implying that SP is a possible candidate for AABW formation area.
A deep float, called “Deep NINJA” which is able to observe temperature and salinity at depths up to 4,000 m, was developed by Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology and Tsurumi-Seiki Co. (Kobayashi et al., 2015). Five deep floats were deployed along 110oE in Jan. 2014. One of them drifted westward almost along the continental rise and had been observing 40 profiles within two years. However, no signal of newly formed AABW was observed except off VP, and such property is consistent with The Baseline Research on Oceanography, Krill and the Environment (BROKE) survey. Therefore, as a result of investigating the salinity of Dense Shelf Water (DSW) on the shelf in the elephant seal bio-logging data, it was found that the salinity of DSW’s core in offshore SP is 0.1 or lower than that in offshore VP. Although this cannot be explained by sea ice production difference, it can be explained by considering AVISO absolute dynamic topography data, ocean climatology data and sea ice melting amount. Moreover, it was thought that AABW was not formed offshore of the SP’s shelf because the salt content of DSW was insufficient for AABW formation. Although these facts do not completely negate the additional formation of AABW originating form middle size of polynya located at west of VP, their formation volume of AABW is suggested to be much smaller than that off VP. As a result of investigating the possibility of AABW formation in other medium size polynya using the same algorithm, Dibble Polynya was considered as the most influential unconfirmed candidate in the polynya facing the AA basin.