JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS16] [JJ] Gas hydrates in environmental-resource sciences

Mon. May 22, 2017 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[MIS16-P08] Geochemistry of methane in surface sediment of shallow gas hydrate deposits
in the Oki Trough and Joetsu Basin, Japan Sea

*Ryohei Kameda1, Yoshihiro Kakizaki2, Hitoshi Tomaru1, Ryo Matsumoto2 (1.Faculty of Science,Chiba University, 2.Gas Hydrate Laboratory, Meiji University)

Keywords:shallow gas hydrate, Japan Sea

Shallow gas hydrate deposits have been developed, often accompanying subsurface gas chimney structures and gas seepage on the seafloor, in the Oki Trough and Joetsu Basin areas in the Japan Sea. High gas concentration, mainly methane, is a key for characterizing and constraining the reaction and behavior of carbon in the seafloor~sub-seafloor environments. Here we present the analytical results of sulfate concentration and isotopic composition and concentration of gases dissolved in pore waters collected from the intensive shallow gas hydrate coring program in 2015 (PS15) in order to discuss the biogeochemical processes around the sulfate-methane interfaces ( SMI ) in these fields.
The depths of SMI are shallow and δ13C values of methane below the SMI are high in the Joetsu Basin compared to the Oki Trough, reflecting that higher methane flux is caused by higher contribution of thermogenic gas. The δ13C values show negative peaks around the SMI, which are relatively large in the Joetsu Basin, reflecting the carbon recycling between anaerobic methane oxidation and microbial methane production around there. The rapid decreases of C1/(C2+C3) ratios around the SMI are also caused by the anaerobic oxidation of methane. The C1/(C2+C3) ratios are entirely high in the Joetsu Basin, resulting mainly from ethane enrichment in the Oki Trough. Differences of gas source is one of the important factors controlling shallow biogeochemical processes.
This study was conducted under the commission from AIST as a part of the methane hydrate research project funded by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Japan.