JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS26] [JJ] Aqua planetology

Sat. May 20, 2017 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[MIS26-P06] Formation condition of oceans under hydrogen-rich atmospheres

*Keiko Hamano1, Hidenori Genda1, Yutaka Abe2, Masanori Onishi3 (1.Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI), Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo, 3.Graduate school of natural science and technology, Okayama University)

Keywords:Reducing atmospheres, Formation of oceans, Early surface environment, Habitable zone

The formation of oceans requires thermodynamic conditions allowing the presence of liquid water on planetary surface. Such conditions have been explored under CO2-H2O atmospheres, while early atmospheres may contain some amount of H2. Pierrehumbert and Gaidos (2011) showed that collision induced absorption of tens bar of H2 atmospheres can keep a surface temperature above 280 K beyond a habitable zone.
Adding hydrogen to a steam atmosphere increases atmospheric scale height. Given that a partial pressure of water vapor at the surface is equal to its saturation pressure, a column mass of water vapor would increase. This means that a larger amount of water is required to keep a sufficient partial pressure for ocean formation.

In this study, we investigate atmospheric structure of an H2-H2O atmosphere using a 1D radiative-convective equilibrium model. We present a relation among incident stellar flux, partial pressure of hydrogen, and a total mass of surface water, which is required for an ocean to form.