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[MZZ42-P08] Proving method by Abduction of **New stationary cosmology** in astrophysics.**(Describe the Earth-centered Redshift and isotropic background radiation, Neither Expansion nor Creation)**

**New stationary cosmology**

**(Describe the Earth-centered Redshift and isotropic background radiation, Neither Expansion nor Creation)**

Keywords:Proving method by Abduction of stationary universe., Collapse of the Expansion Universe Hypothesis, The mystery of redshift that Earth is the center, Mystery of isotropic background radiation

A new stationary universe

Why is redshift shifted farther away from Earth, although Earth is not in Center of Universe?

Steady universe that can explain the global red shift and isotropic background radiation.In 1929, Edwin Hubble proposes that there is a proportional relationship between the nebula distance from the earth and the red-shifting. That rule is called Hubble's Law.The speed of the galaxy can be represented mathematically, v = H × d (1)

Where V (velocity) is the outward velocity in the radial direction of the galaxy and d (distance) is the distance from the earth to the galaxy.The Hubble constant H is H = + 500 to 560 km / sec / million / sec. 1929 to 1931. Recent values are 72 ± 4 km / sec / million / secs.

According to Friedman's hypothesis, if the observation result is interpreted as Doppler effect only, it can be interpreted as an exercise in which the galactic outer nebula is expanding in the gravitational field equation.(A. Einstein)

Considering the law of conservation of energy and E = h · ν, the wavelength is shifted by α

In addition, a redshift at the center of the earth (observation point) is also observed. Even if the universe is not inflated, a new stationary cosmology that can explain Hubble's red shift can be completed.

If the universe is closed, background radiation can also be explained by frequency shift from the opposite side of the energy preserving universe.

If space is closed, 3 ° K isotropic background radiation can also be explained by dilution of average energy by Lambert's law of the average star (the sun).

Furthermore, the inertial mass is a Mach dynamics interpretation, mass reaction against the resultant force (gravitational force) of all the universe, which is also the reason why the total mass of the universe does not collapse to a single point.

In Abu Da Kyung there is a need to be able to explain the current situation. Furthermore, if you can explain another current situation (isotropic background radiation), the truth will increase more. In this way, since it can be interpreted uniformly by the new stationary space hypothesis,

I wonder if energy is necessary for the space to expand.

Observation results of the universe are difficult to explain either by induction or by deduction.Being able to propose a reasonable hypothesis that can explain it unifiedly helps explore the truth in abduction.

^{[1]}(neither expansion nor substance creation) can explain the red-shift of the earth-center and isotropic background radiation.Why is redshift shifted farther away from Earth, although Earth is not in Center of Universe?

**Why can we explain the undetectable expansion on the Earth with distant light?****<< Explanation of Red-shift >>**Steady universe that can explain the global red shift and isotropic background radiation.In 1929, Edwin Hubble proposes that there is a proportional relationship between the nebula distance from the earth and the red-shifting. That rule is called Hubble's Law.The speed of the galaxy can be represented mathematically, v = H × d (1)

Where V (velocity) is the outward velocity in the radial direction of the galaxy and d (distance) is the distance from the earth to the galaxy.The Hubble constant H is H = + 500 to 560 km / sec / million / sec. 1929 to 1931. Recent values are 72 ± 4 km / sec / million / secs.

**<<Expansion universe hypothesis>>**According to Friedman's hypothesis, if the observation result is interpreted as Doppler effect only, it can be interpreted as an exercise in which the galactic outer nebula is expanding in the gravitational field equation.(A. Einstein)

**In order to reproduce the red shift, the farther away from the center of the earth the source galaxy needs to retreat at high speed.**In Newtonian mechanics, the inertial motion can only sustain constant velocity linear motion, so the outer space needs to continue to expand.Even if the reason for expansion is unknown, the red shift can be reproduced.There is no explanation as to why the value of the red shift is observed to increase as far as the Earth, mainly for the Earth, and why it is observed.It is said that the universe is expanding from observation results.It was because quantum mechanics was incomplete.Therefore, after explaining the interpretation of the red shift with the Doppler effect, it is a flower of various cosmology.**<< 1. Constant Universe Hypothesis of Quantum Red Shift**^{[1]}>>Considering the law of conservation of energy and E = h · ν, the wavelength is shifted by α

^{2}times at a position α times the distance Rs at which the wavelength is started to be shifted after being diluted.In addition, a redshift at the center of the earth (observation point) is also observed. Even if the universe is not inflated, a new stationary cosmology that can explain Hubble's red shift can be completed.

**< < 2. Description of background radiation> >**If the universe is closed, background radiation can also be explained by frequency shift from the opposite side of the energy preserving universe.

If space is closed, 3 ° K isotropic background radiation can also be explained by dilution of average energy by Lambert's law of the average star (the sun).

*<< 3 Reason why the universe does not collapse, New interpretation of inertial mass >>*Furthermore, the inertial mass is a Mach dynamics interpretation, mass reaction against the resultant force (gravitational force) of all the universe, which is also the reason why the total mass of the universe does not collapse to a single point.

*<< Unified interpretation by abduction >>*In Abu Da Kyung there is a need to be able to explain the current situation. Furthermore, if you can explain another current situation (isotropic background radiation), the truth will increase more. In this way, since it can be interpreted uniformly by the new stationary space hypothesis,

**there is no need for expanding the outer space, and there is no need to exercise in the distant universe. There is also no need for the quasar to move beyond the speed of light.**I wonder if energy is necessary for the space to expand.

**Since the space does not expand, a new mechanism is unnecessary.**Observation results of the universe are difficult to explain either by induction or by deduction.Being able to propose a reasonable hypothesis that can explain it unifiedly helps explore the truth in abduction.

^{[1]}Space Quantum Red Shift Hypothesis and New Theory of Non-Expansion Universe AKIRA TANEKO.