[PCG23-P02] Summary of development a telescope for ILOM (In-situ Lunar Orientation Measurements) and results of experiments, and future prospects
Keywords:Lunar rotation, Small telescope, PZT, centroid
In the laboratory experiments, which were made in August of 2014, 4 star images were recorded on a video camera at the rate of 30 frames/s. We found that the long periodic variations of centroid position of 4 stars in the field of view are similar, and the amplitude of the variations is reduced by subtracting the mean variation from each record, and only the random noises are remaining, which is regarded as the accuracy of centroid estimation. This suggests that the effects of vibrations are almost common to all the stars in the field of view. The variations have strong peaks in the frequency bands of 0 to 0.5 Hz and 5 to 6 Hz, which are confirmed to be stemming from vibration of the mercury surface. We can almost completely remove the effects of vibrations by subtracting the mean variation from each data.
The field observations, which were made in September of 2014 at Mizusawa VLBI Observatory of NAOJ, detected 6 stars of magnitude of 7 to 8, and they were recorded on a special CCD camera every 2s. The centroid position varies more largely than the case of the laboratory experiments. There were seen also common variations although it is not obvious. The scatter of the variation is reduced by subtracting the mean variation from each record, but it does not become as small as the case of the laboratory experiments
We calculated SNR in order to know the reason why the variation of centroid position in the field observations is larger than that of laboratory experiments. The SNR is here defined as the ratio of the maximum brightness of a star image to standard deviation (SD) of dispersion of brightness in the background around the star image. The SD of variation in measured centroid position is inversely proportional to SNR as shown in the Figure. The results of centroid experiments by JASMINE (Apr. 1, 2015) as well as those of the laboratory and field experiments are shown here. We can say that the less centroid accuracy in the field observations is due to lower SNR.
1) The experiments show that 1 mas accuracy is possible if SNR is high enough (~1000).
2) Accuracy of several arc-seconds was attained in the field observations.
3) The difference can be explained mainly by the difference in SNR of stellar images.
4) The variations of centroid position of stellar images are mainly stemming from the vibration of mercury surface, and they are almost common to stars in the same view.
And for the future,
5) To develop a small sized instrument is also important in order to increase opportunities of boarding.
6) We started to investigate a new method to keep a tube in vertical direction.