JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-CG Complex & General

[P-CG23] [EE] Future missions and instrumentation for space and planetary science

Wed. May 24, 2017 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[PCG23-P05] The Venera-D Mission Concept for Exploring Venus

Ludmilla Zasova2, David Senske3, *Sanjay S Limaye1, Thomas Economou4, Natan Eismont2, M Gerasimov2, M Ivanov8, Nikolay Ignatiev2, Kandi Lea Jessup6, I Khatuntsev2, Oleg Korablev2, Tibor Kremic5, I Lomakin9, M Martynov9, Adriana Ocampo7 (1.University of Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin, USA, 2.Institute for Space Research, Moscow, Russia, 3.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, USA, 4.University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA, 5.NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio, 6.Southwest Research Institute, Boulder, Colorado, USA, 7.NASA HQ, Washington, DC, USA, 8.Vernadsky Institute, Moscow, Russia, 9.Lavochkin Associates, Moscow, Russia)

Keywords:Venus , Mission, Orbiter, Lander, Aerial Platform, Surface Station

Many questions remain unanswered regarding the current state of Venus. Its global cloud cover and superrotating winds in the deep atmosphere, as well as the surface morphology and mineralogy remain poorly sampled. A better understanding of the interior structure is also needed in addition to understanding the solar wind interaction with the planet. Venus Express’ more than 8 year exploration of the planet’s atmosphere has raised many new questions; likewise, JAXA’s Akatsuki orbiter is revealing new facets of the atmosphere, adding to the complexity of the questions that define the Venus puzzle. Against this background, a Joint Science Definition Team (JSDT) chartered by NASA and IKI/Roscosmos have collaborated for the last year and a half to define the most crucial questions that must be explored in a new mission to Venus, while considering the science in the context of Russia’s Venera-D baseline mission, originally conceived more than a decade ago.
Currently, the JSDT is assessing a mission architecture concept for the comprehensive investigation of Venus that would consist of an orbiter (>3 yr. of operation) and a lander (2 hrs. on the surface). The scientific goals of the concept are tied closely to the key objectives established by VEXAG and the NASA Planetary Decadal Survey, and include: investigation of the thermal structure and chemical composition of the atmosphere and clouds, abundances and isotopic ratios of the light and noble gases; study of the thermal balance, dynamics, and super-rotation of the atmosphere; determination of the surface mineralogy and elemental composition including key radioactive isotopes; study of potential current volcanic and electrical activity; and the study of the plasma environment, magnetosphere, and atmospheric escape. The JSDT is also evaluating technology needs and the potential for innovative flight element augmentations including, free flying aerial platforms, sub-satellites, and small long-lived surface stations. The study is continuing and will refine the mission architecture and potential instrument suite for the different flight elements.