JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM11] [EE] Mesosphere-Thermosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Earth's Atmosphere

Wed. May 24, 2017 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[PEM11-P07] Study of interannual gravity wave in the middle atmosphere over Syowa using Rayleigh/Raman lidar

*Masaru Kogure1,2, Takuji Nakamura2,1, Mitsumu K. Ejiri2,1, Takanori Nishiyama2,1, Yoshihiro Tomikawa2,1, Masaki Tsutsumi2,1 (1.The Graduate University for Advanced Studies, 2.National institute of Polar Research)

Keywords:middle atmoshre, lidar, gravity wave, Antarctic

Gravity waves have important roles in transporting energy and momentum between the lower and upper atmosphere [Lindzen, 1981; Holton, 1982; Matsuno, 1982]. Their momentum deposition induces a meridional circulation from the summer pole to the winter pole, and the circulation makes the stratospheric temperature distribution in summer and winter away from radiative equilibrium. However, we have not completely known the quantification of gravity wave roles in the middle atmospheric circulation, especially Antarctic. A Rayleigh/Raman (RR) lidar was installed in January 2011 at Syowa Station, Antarctica (69°S,40°E). The lidar has measured temperature profiles between 10 and 80 km since February 2011.
In this study, we investigated monthly mean gravity wave potential energy (Ep) in the height range of 15-70 km from May 2011 to October 2015 except for November, December and January. The number of nights used for this analysis is 360 nights in five years. Above 30km altitude, Ep was maximized during winter in the each year. The seasonal dependence of Ep over Syowa was similar to Ep over Davis (69°S,79°E) [Alexander et al., 2011; Kaifler et al., 2014] and McMurdo (78°S, 167°E) [Lu et al., 2015]. We also investigated the the interannual variation of Ep in each year, and the variation was ± 40%. However, the Ep in August of 2014 was 3 times larger than that in August of the other years above 40 km altitude. We also compared the Ep with the location of the polar night jet according to Nash et al. [1996]. The comparison shows that the polar night jet existed over Syowa in August of 2014 and suggests that GWs from the polar vortex could contribute to Ep in August of 2014.
In this presentation, we will discuss the interannual variation of Ep and the contribution of the polar night jet.