JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM11] [EE] Mesosphere-Thermosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Earth's Atmosphere

Wed. May 24, 2017 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[PEM11-P13] D-region oscillations of LF transmitter signals after the 2011 Off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake

*Hiroyo Ohya1, Yuta Takishita, Fuminori Tsuchiya2, Hiroyuki Shinagawa3, Kenro Nozaki, Kazuo Shiokawa4, Hiroyuki Nakata1, Yoshizumi Miyoshi4 (1.Graduate School of Engineering, Chiba University, 2.Planetary Plasma and Atmospheric Research Center, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University , 3.National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, 4.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University)

Although a lot of studies for the F-region ionosphere associated with earthquakes have been reported so far, few studies for the D-region ionosphere have reported. It is difficult to observe the D-region electron density by MF/HF radio sounding method such ionosondes, because the MF radio waves are highly attenuated in daytime D-region, and HF radio waves penetrate into the D-region in both night and day. In this study, we investigate the D-region variations associated with the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake (Magnitude 9.0) using intensity and phase of LF transmitter signals. The reflection height corresponds to electron density in the D-region. The propagation paths are Saga -Rikubetsu (RKB) over Japan and BPC (China)-RKB (Japan). As a result, there were two kinds of oscillations over both propagation paths after the mainshock: one was clear oscillations of the intensity with a period of about 100 s observed about 6 minutes after the mainshock, and the other was 30-90 s oscillations of the intensity and phase about 17 minutes after the mainshock. The one-to-one correspondence between the intensity and reflection height was not seen clearly. The changes of the intensity and reflection height for the oscillations were about 0.1 dB and 50 - 65 m, respectively. The time difference between the earthquake onset and the 100 s-oscillations was consistent with the propagation time of the Rayleigh waves (seismic waves) propagating from the epicenter to the LF propagation paths along the Earth surface, plus the propagation time of acoustic waves propagating from the ground to 68 km altitude vertically based on neutral atmosphere simulation. Thus, the LF oscillations may be caused by the acoustic waves excited by the Rayleigh waves. In the presentation, we will discuss the amount of change in the LF oscillations in more detail.