[PEM11-P25] Neutral-ion coupling in the auroral ionosphere during magnetospheric substorms
Keywords:ionosphere-thermopshere coupling, substorm, neutral wind, equivalent current, auroral activity
To investigate the questions above, we used measurements from 2009 to 2016 by ground-based instruments installed in northern Scandinavia, including European Incoherent Scatter (EISCAT) radars, Fabry-Perot Interferometer, all-sky cameras, and magnetometers. Those instruments provide an opportunity to measure several ionospheric and thermospheric key parameters such as plasma density, electric field, conductivities, equivalent currents, and the neutral wind. We studied the substorm evolution of thermospheric winds by analyzing individual events and by statistical methods. In the evening sector, the neutral wind has a typical westward acceleration during the substorm growth phase, mainly due to the strong ion-drag force associated with the equatorward motion of the enhanced eastward electrojet. The westward acceleration is terminated at a time close to substorm onset. During the expansion phase, the the wind changes from westward to eastward. The transition time from westward to eastward depends on the longitudinal location of the onset. During the evolution, mesoscale disturbances were often observed, which are affected by the local auroral activity. We will discuss the physical mechanisms that cause the wind accelerations by analyzing the relative importance between ion-drag force and Joule heating.