JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM15] [EE] Study of coupling processes in solar-terrestrial system

Thu. May 25, 2017 3:30 PM - 4:45 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[PEM15-P12] Statistical study of sporadic sodium layer (SSL) in the polar lower thermosphere and upper mesosphere by using the Tromsoe sodium LIDAR

*Yohei Ogawa1, Satonori Nozawa1, Takuo T. Tsuda2, Takuya Kawahara3, Yasunobu Ogawa4, Hitoshi Fujiwara5, Norihito Saito6, Satoshi Wada5, Toru Takahashi4, Masaki Tsutsumi4, Tetusya Kawabata1, Chris Hall 7, Asgeir Brekke7 (1.Nagoya University, 2.The University of Electro-Communications, 3.Shinshu University, 4.NIPR, 5.Seikei University, 6.RIKEN, 7.The Arctic University of Norway)

We will present statisitical results about sporadic sodium layers (SSLs) appearing in the polar lower thermosphere/upper mesosphere during winter (November – January). The sodium LIDAR at Tromsø (69.6N, 19.2E) has made simultaneous five directional (vertical postion, plus 4 horizontal positions with zenith angale = 30 deg or 12.5 deg and azimuth = 0, 90, 180, 270 deg) observations, and has obtained about 2100 hours of temperature, sodium density, and wind data beteween October 2012 and March 2016. Analyzing these datasets, we have identified twenty-four SSL events over the four winter seasons, and have investigated charactristics of the SSLs.

We have addressed the following questions about SSLs: (1) in-situ generation or advection, (2) ionization of aurora is needed, (3) role of Es layers and temperature, and (4) local time dependence and advent height. Concerning (1), it is important to distinguish events if they were in-situ generated or just adveceted into the views of the LIDAR, since so far no proposed mechanisms can explain well the rapid increase of the sodium density found in the begging of SSL events. Based on investigation of timmings of detection at each beam direction, it is found that SSLs of the 10 events seemed to be in-situ generated, while those of 14 events were advected. Concerning (2), auroras would play an important role for generation of SSLs at high latitudes, but their role is not yet well understood. At Tromsø, several instruments monitor the aurora activity. These data showed that auroras appeared in 17 events. Concerning (3), exisitence of sporadic E layaer would be imporntat for generation (in particular, for providing sodium atoms), but its role is not well understood quantatively. Concerning (4), local time dependence and height of advent of SSLs are also keys to understand generation mechanisms of SSLs, in particular relationship with tide, planetary, and gravity waves. out of the 24 events, SSLs of 9 events appeared above 100 km before 21 UT, while SSLs of the 11 events showed up below 100 km after 21 UT.