JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM15] [EE] Study of coupling processes in solar-terrestrial system

Thu. May 25, 2017 3:30 PM - 4:45 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[PEM15-P16] Decomposition of the wave elements of the global high-correlation Pi 2

Teiji Uozumi1, *Akimasa Yoshikawa1, Shinichi Ohtani2, D G Baishev3, A V Moiseyev3, B M Shevtsov4 (1.International Center for Space Weather Science and Education, Kyushu University, 2.The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, 3.Yu.G. Shafer Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Aeronomy (IKFIA), 4.Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Radio Wave Propagation (IKIR))

Keywords:global high-correlation Pi 2, aurora, substorm

Global high-correlation Pi 2 pulsations are observed in wide latitudinal and longitudinal ranges on the nightside [e.g., Uozumi et al. 2009, 2011, 2016; Keiling et al., 2014]. In those Pi 2 events, the waveforms observed at different stations were highly correlated. It is noted that localized and low-correlation Pi 2 oscillations, such as those observed near the auroral electrojet currents [e.g., Pashin et al., 1982; Samson and Rostoker, 1983], should be treated separately from high-correlation Pi 2 events. In high-correlation Pi 2 events, systematic group delays (|dT| <∼100 s) were typically observed in the H components of middle- to high-latitude Pi 2 pulsations, which typically have high correlations with low-latitude H component oscillations. While the time lags of the D component oscillations relative to the low-latitude H component oscillations were not significant (|dT | <∼10 s) in the low- to high-latitude nighttime sector, high correlations with the low-latitude H component oscillations were observed.
The generation mechanisms of global high-correlation Pi 2 events were investigated by Uozumi et al. [2009, 2011]. They proposed that three possible wave elements exist in these events: (1) fast-mode waves (dBFW) propagating from the Pi 2 source region in the nightside magnetosphere and observed in the low-latitude H components of Pi 2 pulsations, (2) SCW oscillations (dBSCW) observed mainly in the low- to high-latitude D components of Pi 2 pulsations, and (3) directly driven Alfvénic waves (dBDA) [Kepko et al., 2001; Uozumi et al., 2000, 2007, 2009] generated by dBFW through the mode conversion process and observed as the main oscillations of the middle- and high-latitude H components of Pi2 pulsations with some group delay.
The middle- and high-latitude Pi 2 pulsations in the H component consist dBDA and dBSCW (dBDA is dominant element in the H component Pi 2 pulsations). According to the report by Uozumi et al. [2016], it can be assumed that the ionospheric footprint of the upward FAC of the SCW was approximately located at the auroral onset position in each event. Thus, if we can specify the location of the auroral breakup position by using global auroral image, we can estimate dBSCW in the H component from dBSCW in the D component. Then one of the wave elements of dBDA must be decomposed from total Pi 2 oscillations in the H component. In this study, we examined the possibility of decomposition of the wave elements of the global high-correlation Pi 2 with some typical Pi 2 events. We will present some typical cases of the decomposition. Those cases evidently demonstrate that the wave elements of the global high-correlation Pi 2 can be decomposed properly.