[PEM16-P33] Statistical Analysis of Substorm-Associated SAR arcs at Subauroral Latitudes Based on All-sky Imaging Observations at Athabasca, Canada
Keywords:SAR arc, substorm, MI coupling
We analyzed all-sky images at wavelengths of 630.0 nm obtained at Athabasca from 3 September, 2005 to 31 December, 2009, and found 98 events. This result indicates that the SAR arcs are often detached from the main oval after substorms at Athabasca. We investigated dependences of these SAR arc appearances and their latitudes and durations on AU/AL indices, SYM-H, X component of magnetic field variation at Yellowknife (YKC), north of Athabasca in the auroral zone, solar wind pressure, and IMF-Bz. We found that when SAR arcs occur, AL and YKC-X component tend to decrease, indicating substorm association of these SAR arcs. We found that the SAR arc occurrence peak is around midnight with a peak rate of ~5 % with decreasing rates in both pre-midnight and post-midnight sectors. We then classified these SAR arcs into 3 types by using simultaneous 557.7-nm images as: 1) 557.7-nm images show weak structures similar to the 630.0-nm SAR arcs (30 %), 2) 557.7-nm images does not show structures similar to the 630.0-nm SAR arcs (55 %), 3) 557.7-nm images show structures different from the 630.0-nm SAR arcs (15 %). In the presentation, we will discuss possible cause of the detachment of SAR arcs from the main oval associated with substorms.