[SCG62-P23] Frictional properties of the Median Tectonic Line fault zone
Keywords:fault gouge, the Median Tectonic Line fault, velocity dependence of the friction, friction coefficient
An experimental machine we used was a gas-medium, high-pressure, high-temperature triaxial apparatus set at GSJ, AIST, Japan. We set initially temperature conditions, T, to 100 deg.C for gouge-B and gouge-F and to 250 deg.C for gouge-D, respectively. Then, confining pressures, Pc, corresponding to assumed depth were determined by assumed geothermal gradient (20~60 deg.C/km). We thought conditions of pore pressure, Pp, and sliding velocity, V, would change in the earthquake cycle. We, therefore, varied the values of Pp (hydrostatic ~ Pc) and V (0.011 mm/sec ~ 115 mm/sec for stepwise change). After 75 mm mesh sieving, 0.6 g of smaller-grain-sized powder sample of the gouge was sandwiched between porous alumina pre-cut blocks, which provided c.a. 0.5 mm thick gouge layer. The powder samples of gouge-B and gouge-F contained 24 wt.% and 34 wt.% of smectite, respectively. On the othre hand, the powder sample of gouge-D was rich in muscovite (26 wt.%) and illite (21 wt.%), but did not contain the smectite.
We obtained interesting results on both the shear strength and the velocity dependence of friction for those smectite rich gouges. Average values of friction coefficient, showing a dependence of the smectite content, are 0.30 for gouge-B and 0.18 for gouge-F. However, the friction coefficient for both gouges became decreasing significantly towards ~0.05 at Pc-Pp < c.a. 14 MPa, while the frictional coeffcient on gouge-D showed a constant value of 0.42 with no effective pressure dependence. Common properties of the gouges were that the velocity dependence of friction became positive at high V , low Pp and high smectite content but became negative at the low V , high Pp and low smectite content.
We will, thus,add cases for other samples of gouge zones formed between oldest stage generating gouge-D and newesrt stage generating gouge-B and –F to complete a figure for the strength-history of the MTL fault.