[SCG65-P05] Sedimentary structures within sedimentary gravity flow deposits formed under upper flow regime conditions and their association with sedimentary topography
Keywords:sedimentary gravity flow deposits, upper flow regime condition, sediment wave, sedimentary structure, Aoshima Formation
We investigated the turbidite succession of the Neogene Aoshima Formation, Miyazaki Group, which is well-exposed in the paleocurrent direction along the Nichinan Coast of Miyazaki and Nichinan cities. The studied outcrop, located at Shirahama, shows sediment waves with wavelengths of 300–400 m. The sedimentary structures in the sediment gravity flow deposits, which can be traced for approximately 700 m, were mapped using a series of sequential photographs taken at the outcrop. The sediment gravity flow deposits were selected for mapping based on their basal topographies, which are characterized by moderately undulating, slightly undulating, and relatively flat intervals.
The sediment gravity flow deposit facies of the Aoshima Formation have been subdivided into graded, massive, and inverse graded bed types. These bed types show SPLs and HCS mimics in the basal interval. Paleocurrent directional mapping of the sedimentary structures showed that SPLs are dominant in the relatively flat beds; whereas, in the undulating intervals, HCS mimics and SPLs are observed on the upstream and downstream flanks, respectively. When sediment waves are formed as cyclic steps, it is suggested that massive structureless units can be deposited on the upstream flank due to a hydraulic jump; whereas, SPLs are dominant on the downstream flank due to high shear stress flow. In the Aoshima Formation, HCS mimics on the upstream flanks may have been deposited by relatively erosive flows associated with breaking waves, not only hydraulic jumps, because the basal undulations in the study interval are not large enough to have developed clear sediment wave topographies. In contrast, in the intervals characterized by relatively flat topography, it is suggested that laterally continuous SPLs, which extend for tens of meters, may have been deposited under conditions without the effects of basal topography.