[SCG66-P08] Shear deformation experiments of two-phase aggregates of antigorite and olivine at high pressure: A preliminary study
Keywords:intermediate-depth earthquakes, shear deformation, antigorite, olivine
High-pressure deformation experiments were conducted within antigorite stability field using a Deformation-DIA apparatus. We used a powder mixture of antigorite and olivine (3:7 in vol.) as a starting material. Firstly, the starting powder was compressed to 5 GPa at room temperature and, annealed at 400 ℃ for 1 h. The hot-pressed sample was recovered and cut into disks having thickness of 300 µm. The sintered disk was used for a shear deformation study by being assembled between two 45°-cut alumina pistons. In shear deformation experiments, the starting disk was annealed in the same steps (i.e., at 5 GPa and 400 ℃ for 1 h), and then deformed with an anvil displacement rate of 200 µm/h. Microstructures of the recovered samples were examined by an optical microscope and a scanning electron microscope. We also observed microstructures of a sample recovered just before the shear deformation and a sample deformed in uniaxial compression for comparison.
The sample deformed in shear showed brittle-plastic transitional microstructures and regional variations in shear strain (γ= 1.7-3.8), and has a through-going crack. A shear zone was formed in the middle of the entire sample along the crack, in which the plastic deformation of antigorite was significant. Whereas in small shear-strain regions, brittle failures within the olivine crystals were evident. This was also observed in the sample recovered just before the deformation stage (γ= 0.8), which indicates the brittle texture could be developed during the cold compression stage. Olivine also deformed plastically when shear strain was accommodated and localized during the deformation stage. On the other hand, the sample deformed in uniaxial compression (ε= 0.16) had a similar texture as observed in the small shear-strain regions, and the shear localization was not developed. Thus, the two-phase aggregates deformed in large shear strains showed unique microstructures involving shear zones and faults, which may provide important insights into shear instability at high pressure.