[SGL33-P10] Detection of shear heating on an out-of-sequence thrust using Raman CM geothermometry and constraints on the fault strength and total displacement by thermal modeling
Keywords:shear heating, Raman carbonaceous material (CM) geothermometry, out-of-sequence thrust, thermal modeling, accretionary complex, Aki Tectonic Line
This study focused on the Aki Tectonic Like (ATL)—which is an OST bounded between the Cretaceous and Tertiary sedimentary rocks of the Shimanto accretionary complex—in the Umaji area of eastern Shikoku, SW Japan. Results of estimated temperatures using the geothermometer show a regional temperature of ~220–230 ºC. There is a significant rise in temperature to ~270–280 ºC near the ATL on both hanging wall to the north and footwall to the south. The spatial association of the thermal anomalies with the fault implies shear heating. In contrast, the width of the thermal anomaly on the hanging wall side is ~6 km while that on the footwall side is a few hundred meters, showing asymmetric distribution of the zones of shear heating between north and south of the ATL. One possible explanation for the asymmetric thermal structure is that the footwall part has been attenuated by post-heating faulting. To evaluate these results in terms of shear heating on the ATL, we compared the thermal structure of the hanging wall part—which is likely preserve original thermal anomaly—to the temperature distributions calculated using simple analytical solutions for one-dimensional conductive heat flow with a planer heat source. The results of the comparisons with a constraint on slip rate show that a coefficient of friction of greater than ~0.4 and a total displacement of ~25–50 km are required.