[SIT22-P03] In situ 3D textural observations at high pressure and high temperature using X-ray laminography technique in diamond anvil cell
Keywords:Diamond Anvil Cell, X-ray Laminography, In situ 3D textural observations
To overcome this problem, Nomura and Uesugi (2016) introduced X-ray laminography technique (Gondrom et al., 1999) to diamond anvil cell. In X-ray laminography, the rotational axis of the sample is inclined to the direction of the incident X-ray beam. Therefore, the incident X-ray beam can avoid the metal gasket surrounding the sample; it is no longer necessary to use a light metal as a gasket. However, it is still challenging to combine such measurements with heating technique in the diamond anvil cell.
Here, to carry out in situ high pressure and “high temperature” X-ray imaging, we have introduced the internally resistive heating method by using boron-doped diamond as a heater material. Boron-doped diamond has high X-ray transmissivity and can generate high temperatures more than 3000 K with high stability (Yamada et al.,2008; Shatskiy et al., 2009; Yoneda et al., 2014; Xie et al., 2016). We performed X-ray laminography experiments at BL47XU, SPring-8. The sample was Au foil, heater was boron-doped diamond and pressure medium and heat insulator was Al2O3. We have obtained the X-ray transmission images of the sample at 20 GPa during heating. Obtained images were sufficiently clear, despite of the Re gasket and boron-doped diamond heater surrounding the sample. We have reconstructed cross-section images of the sample before and after heating. These cross-section images showed that the shape of the sample was largely altered by heating due to melting. The technique developed in this study will provide new method to determine the melting temperature of the sample at high pressure. Our current results demonstrate that the X-ray laminography can be a powerful tool for understanding dynamic process in the deep Earth’s interior, such as melting of the terrestrial materials.