JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT22] [EE] Interaction and Coevolution of the Core and Mantle in the Earth and Planets

Sun. May 21, 2017 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[SIT22-P22] Development for hydrogen diffusion experiments under Ar/D2 and D2O condition

*Shoichi Itoh1, Yoshinori Higashi1, Ryo Aoki1, Isao Sakaguchi2 (1.Graduate school of Science, Kyoto University, 2.NIMS)

Keywords:Hydrogen, diffusion, SIMS

There are many uncertainties about the origin of hydrogen in the earth. Especially, hydrogen isotopic compositions of the early earth are unclear. The characteristics of water of mantle in the early earth would be able to expect to estimate from those of hydrous minerals, for example, apatite crystals in the hadean and archean. However, without an understanding of hydrogen diffusivity in these hydrous minerals, it is difficult to esimate whether original hydrogen isotopic compositions from crystallization are preserved or the subsequently modified by reactions with water or H2 gas after crystallization. Therefore, this study reports development of the diffusion experiment for hydrous minerals with diffusion source of water and Ar/D2 gas.

The diffusion annealing system in this study could chose between D2O line and Ar/D2 line for the diffusion source. In addition, this system chose flow type and close type with vacuum system for the control of partial pressure in the crystal surface. Therefore, we need to estimate the residue of H2O and D2O absorbed in the line and quarts tube when the Ar/D2 gas line are selected.
The quantitative analyses for residue of absorbed water were estimated by annealing of apatite crystals in the different condition with the depth profile by Kyoto 4f-e7 secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS).
This talk will discuss the results of different diffusion source in the apatite crystals and methods of control the partial pressure of Ar/D2 diffusion experiments.