JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT26] [EE] Fluid-mediated processes and properties near convergent plate boundaries

Sat. May 20, 2017 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[SIT26-P01] Noble gas and major element composition of deep groundwater in the fore-arc region of southwest Japan; widespread distribution of fluids dehydrated from the Philippine Sea Plate

*Noritoshi Morikawa1, Kohei Kazahaya1, Masaaki Takahashi1, Akihiko Inamura1, Hiroshi A Takahashi1, Michiko Ohwada1, Masaya Yasuhara1,2, Tsutomu Sato1 (1.Geological Survey of Japan, AIST, 2.RISSHO University)

Keywords:noble gas, groundwater, Philippine Sea Plate, helium, Kii Peninsula

Chemical and isotopic studies including analyses of noble gases were conducted on the groundwater in the fore-arc region of southwest Japan (Kii Peninsula and Shikoku Island) where the Philippine Sea Plate is subducting. High 3He/4He ratios relative to the atmospheric value (up to 6.7 Ra) were observed throughout the studied area, covering a wider area than documented previously. From the wide distribution of high 3He/4He values and the associated 20Ne and Cl concentrations, Morikawa et al. (2016) infer that aqueous fluids derived from dehydration of the subducting slab are present at depth beneath the entire peninsula. These aqueous fluids may ascend along the major north-dipping boundary faults. The variety of water types documented may be due to water–gas separation and the subsequent incorporation of gaseous species into shallow meteoric groundwater. The observed high 3He/4He ratios in the absence of a mantle wedge below the southern part of the Kii Peninsula may reflect the oblique ascent of these fluids along north-dipping boundary faults.
As already reported by Dogan et al. (2006) and Umeda et al (2006), moderately high-3He/4He groundwater has been observed on Shikoku Island, west of the Kii Peninsula, although no sampling point exceeded 4 Ra. By analogy with the Kii Peninsula, incorporation of the ascending fluids along faults accounts for the groundwater of this area, but this moderately high 3He/4He ratio (< 4 Ra) is possible to relate the slab configuration. The depth of the slab surface is relatively shallow, and therefore the thickness of the mantle wedge beneath Shikoku Island is less than that below the Kii Peninsula, resulting in a low mantle-He budget around the pathway of the fluids.

References: Dogan et al. (2006) Chem. Geol., 233, 235-248, Morikawa et al. (2016) Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 182, 173-196, Umeda et al. (2006) Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 7, Q04009, doi:10.1029/2005GC001210