[SIT29-P05] Petrological and geochemical features of gabbros and relatively primitive basalts from Nikoro Group, Tokoro belt, eastern Hokkaido: Implications for the geodynamic setting
Keywords:Tokoro belt, Nikoro Group, Ocean island basalt (OIB)
Gabbros show ophitic texture and contain fresh, large oikocrystic Cpx. TE composition of Cpx from gabbros and WR geochemistry of gabbroic rocks are almost identical to the Cpx microphenocrysts of basalts and the WR geochemistry of basalts, respectively. This evidence suggests Cpx-melt partition coefficients for TE remained constant with almost no modification and the gabbroic rocks represent the melt composition. Although these rocks are slightly evolved (Mg# = 0.63), their compositions are among the most primitive rock compositions previously reported from this area. Whole rock TEs show ocean island basalt (OIB) type patterns as well as ‘garnet signatures’ (e.g., [Sm/Yb]N > 1). These geochemical features support seamount origin. In further detail, gabbros and the relatively primitive basalts show rather flat TE patterns compared to the ‘typical’ OIB. After correcting the gabbros and basalts (MgO>7 wt%) for the fractionation effect to Mg# = 0.72, composition X72 suggests a significantly shallow lithosphere–asthenosphere boundary depth of ~0 km. WR [Sm/Yb]N ratios also show the same results. These geochemical results constrain the geodynamic setting of the Nikoro Group; the OIBs erupted through very thin lithosphere. Such a tectonic setting is limited to the ridge–hotspot interaction area.