JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT31] [EE] Revisit Bullen's layer C - Mantle transition zone and beyond

Mon. May 22, 2017 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[SIT31-P03] The Impact of the Iron Spin-transition on Seismic Signatures in Bullen's C-Layer

*M Hosein Shahnas1, Russell N. Pysklywec1, David A. Yuen2 (1.University of Toronto, 2.University of Minnesota)

Keywords:iron spin transition, mantle mixing, slab stagnation

Bullen's C-Layer lies between 660 km and 1200 km and has distinctive signatures characterized by discontinuities which may have geodynamical origins. The high-spin to low spin transition of Fe++ in iron-magnesium oxides in the lower mantle is a second-order phase transition which causes changes in the density, and elastic properties. They are likely to occur below ~1200 km depth with the highest degrees of influence at about 1800 km depth, depending on the local temperature conditions. We have investigated the dynamical consequences with a compressible spherical convection model, where this transition has been included. Depending on the magnitude of this second-order transition, the sinking slabs may be stagnated at mid mantle depths (~1600 km) or be slowed at the shallower depths. Similarly the rising plumes can be stagnated below ~1600 km depth; resulting a layered convection in the lower mantle. Our results show the potential importance of the high-spin to low spin transition in creating visible seismic signatures in the Bullen’s C-layer and the D-layer.