[SMP41-P09] Magma sources and petrogenesis of middle Paleozoic ultramafic-mafic rocks from the east part of the Qilian block, NW China: Implications for subduction and underplating
Keywords:Ultramafic-mafic rock, SHRIMP, Nd-Hf-O isotope, Qilian Block, Underplating
Major element contents of Aganzheng ultramafic-mafic rocks show subalkalic series and are characterized by low SiO2 contents (38.09-54.96 %), low TiO2 contents (0.09-0.72 %), low P2O5 contents (0.00-0.36 %) and alkali contents (Na2O+K2O 0.01-5.35 %), but high MgO contents (9.68-33.06 %), Ni contents (116-1505 ppm), Cr contents (713-2808 ppm). Similar LREE-rich pattern ((Ce/Yb)N = 0.95-3.80 except two Samples) and tiny Eu anomaly (Eu/Eu* = 0.6-1.2) indicate the Aganzheng ultramafic-mafic rocks have the same magma source. Trace elements are enriched in LILE (Rb, Th, U, K), relatively depleted in HFSE (Nb and Ta), and the La/Yb, Ce/Yb, Th/Yb, Nb/La, La/Sm values suggest the limited crustal contamination during the rise of the magma.
The εNd(430 Ma) values are −6.9–+2.5 and TDM values are 3.6–1.4 Ga. The SHRIMP ages are 433±2 Ma for the Zhigoumen pyroxenite (101-2101A), 434±3 Ma for Shiguanzi gabbro (101-2104A) and 412±3 Ma for the Xianggoumen serpentinite (101-2107A). In situ zircon O-Hf isotope, the δ18O compositions of vary from +9.03 to+9.50 (except three points +11.33, +12.38, +12.44) and εHf(t) value is +0.29 to +4.13 for the Zhigoumen pyroxenite (101-2101A), the δ18O compositions of vary from +6.39 to +7.12 and εHf(t) value is +7.76 to +13.26 for Shiguanzi gabbro (101-2104A). and the δ18O compositions of vary from +4.68 to+5.31 and εHf(t) value of +0.28 to +2.79 for the Xianggoumen serpentinite (101-2107A).
According to the above datum, we suggest that middle Paleozoic magmatisms last ~20 m.y. (434-412 Ma) on the northern margin of the Qilian Block was related to the Early Paleozoic continental collision between the Qilian and Qaidam blocks, and to subsequent subduction or thermal underplating.