JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EJ] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-MP Mineralogy & Petrology

[S-MP42] [EJ] Deformed rocks, Metamorphic rocks and Tectonics

Tue. May 23, 2017 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[SMP42-P01] Prograde infiltration of Cl-rich fluid into the granulitic continental crust from a collision zone in Perlebandet, Sør Rondane Mountains, East Antarctica

*Tetsuo Kawakami1, Fumiko Higashino1,2, Etienne Skrzypek1, Madhusoodhan Satish-Kumar3, Geoffrey Hugo Grantham4, Noriyoshi Tsuchiya2, Masahiro Ishikawa5, Shuhei Sakata1,6, Takafumi Hirata1,7 (1.Kyoto Univ., 2.Tohoku Univ., 3.Niigata Univ., 4.Univ. of Johannesburg, 5.Yokohama National Univ., 6.Gakushuin Univ., 7.Univ. Tokyo)

Keywords:Fluid, Metamorphism, Partial melting, Chlorine, Continental collision

Timing of Cl-rich fluid infiltration is correlated with the pressure-temperature-time (P-T-t) path of upper amphibolite- to granulite-facies metamorphic rocks utilizing microstructures of Cl-bearing biotite in pelitic and felsic metamorphic rock from the continental collision zone (Perlebandet, Sør Rondane Mountains (SRM), East Antarctica). Microstructural observation indicates that the stable Al2SiO5 polymorph changed from sillimanite to kyanite + andalusite + sillimanite, and P-T estimates from geothermobarometry point to a counterclockwise P-T path characteristic of the SW terrane of the SRM (e.g., Osanai et al., 2013) In situ LA-ICPMS U-Pb dating of zircon inclusions in garnet yielded ca. 580 Ma, likely representing the age of garnet-forming metamorphism at Perlebandet.
Inclusion-host relationships among garnet, sillimanite, and Cl-rich biotite (Cl > 0.4 wt%) reveal that formation of Cl-rich biotite took place during prograde metamorphism in the sillimanite stability field. This process probably predated partial melting consuming biotite (Cl = 0.1-0.3 wt%). This was followed by retrograde, moderately Cl-bearing biotite (Cl = 0.1-0.3 wt%) replacing garnet. Similar timings of Cl-rich biotite formation in different samples, and similar f(H2O)/f(HCl) values of coexisting fluid estimated for each stage can be best explained by Cl-rich fluid infiltration during prograde metamorphism. Fluid-present partial melting at the onset of prograde metamorphism probably contributed to elevate Cl concentration (and possibly salinity) of the fluid, and consumption of the fluid resulted in the progress of dehydration melting. The retrograde fluid was released from crystallizing Cl-bearing partial melts or derived externally.
The prograde Cl-rich fluid infiltration in Perlebandet presumably took place at the uppermost part of the footwall of the collision boundary. Localized distribution of Cl-rich biotite and hornblende along large-scale shear zones and detachments in the SRM (Higashino et al., 2013; 2015) supports external input of Cl-rich fluids through tectonic boundaries during continental collision.