[SMP43-P07] Real-time measurements of permeability of Aji granite during triaxial compression tests
Keywords:Permeability, Dilatancy, Inelastic volumetric strain
Aji granite which was formed into cylindrical shape (20 mm long and 40 mm in diameter) was used as a specimen and a nitrogen gas was used as the pore fluid. The triaxial compression tests were conducted with Intra-Vessel Deformation and Fluid-Flow Apparatus (IVA) at constant pore pressure (1.5MPa), confining pressure (20 or 40MPa), displacement rate (0.02 or 0.04mm/min) and room temperature. All the experiments were performed by using a flow method and the permeability was calculated from the flow rate which was measured in every ten seconds. In addition, strain measurements by a strain gauge were performed at the same time. The relationship between the permeability and inelastic volumetric strain was investigated.
The experimental results showed that the permeability initially decreased and began to increase from the onset of dilatancy. Regardless of the experimental condition, variation of the permeability had this tendency. This indicates that as the sample initially stressed, preexisting cracks closed and new cracks were created by inelastic deformation with increasing differential stress. The permeability increased along with inelastic volumetric strain. As samples approached brittle failure, the permeability increased remarkably. The previous research reported that mean crack diameter increased in the prefailure stage (Takemura and Oda, 2004). Therefore, the permeability enhancement in the prefailure stage is due to the increase in crack diameter.