JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EJ] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS10] [EJ] Crustal Deformation

Mon. May 22, 2017 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

[SSS10-P19] Crustal deformation and a fault model of the 2016 central Tottori prefecture earthquake

*Hiroshi Yarai1, Tomokazu Kobayashi1, Yu Morishita1, Yohei Hiyama1, Yuji Miura1 (1.Geospatial Information Authority of Japan)

Keywords:InSAR, GNSS, the central Tottori prefecture earthquake

The Mj 6.6 inland earthquake occured on Oct. 21th, 2016 in the central Tottori prefecture, western Japan. Coseismic deformation derived from the earthquake was observed by GNSS and ALOS-2/PALSAR-2 interferometric SAR.
Continuous GNSS observation network (GEONET) is deployed in all over Japan with an average placement interval of approximately 20 km. The displacement field detected by GEONET exhibits NW-SE shortening and NE-SW lengthening around focal area, which is consistent with the focal mechanism of the earthquake. But it remains difficult to obtain detailed displacement field near focal area.
For capturing coseismic deformation of the earthquake, ALOS-2 conducted SAR observations from four different directions, ascending/descending and right-/left-looking. We succeeded in mapping three-dimensional (3-D) displacement using those InSAR data. The 3-D displacement filed shows left lateral motion along a NNW-SSE strike fault clearly.
We inverted the GNSS and InSAR data to construct a slip distribution model. Our model shows almost pure strike slip motion on NNW-SSE strike fault plane. The slip distribution model shows a maximum coseismic slip of more than 1 m at a depth of around 5 km, shallower than the epicenter. The estimated seismic moment is 2.64 x 1018 Nm (Mw6.21) from the slip distribution model.

The PALSAR-2 data obtained by the ALOS-2 were provided by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) through the Agreement between GSI and JAXA. The ownership of PALSAR-2 data belongs to JAXA.