[SSS15-P28] Multi-use seismic stations for earthquake early warning
Keywords:earthquake early warning, broadband seismometer, accelerometer, multi-use seismic station
Our concept for a multi-use seismic station meets the needs of both EEW and high-quality seismic research. One significant enabler is a 6-channel dual-sensor instrument that combines a 120s broadband seismometer and a class A accelerometer in a single ultra-compact sonde suitable for direct burial. Combining two sensors effectively adds broadband capability to a station without increasing the already optimized site footprint, preparation and management costs associated with shallow direct-burial installations. The combined sensors also simplify and speed up installation (for example, the accelerometer provides real-time tilt readings useful to leveling the seismometer). Integration simplifies alignment to north, as there is only one instrument to orient. A dual-use 6-channel digitizer simultaneously provides two sets of independently processed streams from both sensors, one set optimized for low-latency earthquake warning, and the other set for high-quality seismic research purposes.
Such a dual-use seismic station can serve both seismic research and civil warning infrastructure objectives without adding significantly to the cost of a single-use station, while increasing the utility for all users of the station’s data.