[SVC45-P01] Statistical classification of tephra from rootless eruptions
Keywords:rootless tephra, grain shape, cluster analysis
In this study we investigated morphology of rootless tephra by using automated particle-morphology analyzer. Thanks to the recent advances of the device, we can obtain information of morphology for thousands of grains in a short time. By using this device we try to overcome the above-mentioned problems. The target samples were collected in three fields of RCs in Iceland (Myvatn, Landbrot and Thjorsardalur). We used seven parameters to characterize the morphology: aspect ratio, circularities (circularity and high-sensitivity one), convexity, solidity, intensities (mean and standard deviation) which are measured on Morphologi G3STM (an automated particle analyzer, Malvern InstrumentTM) in AIST. The target of this investigation is to explore the magnitude of lava-water interaction of rootless eruptions in comparison with other phreatomagmatic/phreatic eruptions based on the morphology of tephra.
In the analysis we seek possible correlations between morphological parameters and the magnitude of rootless eruptions (volume and average slope of the cone). We found that transparent elongated-irregular shaped grains are notable in the samples which were collected from the lower layer of RCs. Looking at the images of specimen, these grains include bubbles and/or bubble walls. This might indicate the lava which was still at the degassing stage was quenched and fragmented at the beginning of rootless eruptions. To verify this idea, the bubble and crystal size and density analyses are necessary.