4:30 PM - 4:55 PM
[HCG31-05] Watershed Modeling Tools for Stakeholders: Utilizing Fallout Radionuclides to Assess Sustainable Management, Climate Change, Disaster Recovery and Community Resilience
Keywords:soil erosion, extreme events, isotopes, disaster, radioactive fallout, community resilience
The Geospatial Interface for the Water Erosion Prediction Project (GeoWEPP) is a quantitative, scenario-based watershed assessment model that is used around the world. GeoWEPP utilizes Geographic Information System (GIS) data such as digital elevation models (DEM), land use/cover and soils maps to derive and prepare valid model input parameters to start site-specific soil and water conservation planning for small watersheds. At its core is the WEPP model, a state-of-the-art, continuous simulation, process-based model for small watersheds and hillslope profiles within larger watersheds that can be of mixed land use such as agriculture, forest, rangeland, etc.
In Marchouch, Morocco, an agricultural experimental site provides five parallel transects with excellent data availability and a relatively high density of derived soil redistribution points based on 137Cs and 210Pb techniques. These transects are ideal to verify, validate and apply the GeoWEPP watershed simulations. Using these fall out "contaminants" as soil tracers, reinforces knowledge about the agro-environmental behavior of these anthropogenic radioisotopes (especially 137Cs, but also new soil tracers such as 239Pu and 240Pu isotopes). The technique requires selecting stable reference sites in undisturbed areas that can be used in the future as background indicator if any other radioisotopic releases of Nuclear Power Plant accident occurs.
However, such simulation tools for sustainable development of natural resources (e.g. soil and water conservation and crop yields) and disaster risk reduction (e.g. flood risk and loss of biodiversity) are rarely performed within an integrated framework to account for the interests of a much larger, diverse group of stakeholders in a community. We therefore present a methodology to integrate quantitative models to drive the analysis of the complex, interdependent processes that interact within multi-dimensional, functional systems in landscapes. Creating potentially win-win situations based on quantitative measures among a larger group of stakeholders in a watershed is an important aspect of creating long-term partnerships, particularly those in communities exposed to the need for natural resources development and higher risks of natural and man-made hazards (e.g. Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Disaster).
Resilience has been defined as a measure of geospatial and temporal functionality, its decay and recovery, in face of various extreme events, disasters and potential hazards. The functionality and resilience of a community are dependent on numerous components and dimensions. Seven dimensions of community resilience are represented in the holistic, interdisciplinary framework with the acronym PEOPLES: Population and Demographics, Environmental/Ecosystem, Organized Governmental Services, Physical Infrastructure, Lifestyle and Community Competence, Economic Development, and Social-Cultural Capital. The ‘PEOPLES Resilience Framework’ provides the basis for the integration of quantitative and qualitative models that continuously measure the resilience of communities against extreme events or disasters in any or a combination of the above-mentioned dimensions.