JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

H (Human Geosciences) » H-DS Disaster geosciences

[H-DS16] [JJ] Tsunami and Tsunami Forecast

Wed. May 24, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Convention Hall A (International Conference Hall 2F)

convener:Yuichi Namegaya(Institute of Earthquake and Volcano Geology, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Naotaka YAMAMOTO(National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience), Chairperson:Naotaka Yamamoto(National Research Institue for Earth Science and Diaster Prevention), Chairperson:Yuichiro Tanioka(Hokkaido University, Institute of Seismology and Volcanology)

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[HDS16-09] Extraction of tsunami response functions at small islands by averaging four tsunami spectra

*Kuniaki Abe1 (1.none)

Keywords:responce function, island, tsunami spectra

Tsunami power spectra obtained from the tide gauge records of four Pacific tsunamis, 1952 Kamchatka, 1960 Chile, 1964 Alaska and 2011 Tohoku, were used to extract response function of small islands. The extractions were applied to three small islands, Wake, Johnston and Midway, being located in north-west Pacific. Response function is defined as logarithm of spectral component averaged to the four tsunamis. It was derived for Wake, Johnston and Midway. The power spectra showed wavy ramp function in a log-log expression. The corner frequency is approximated to be 0.1 cycle/min (10 min in period) for Wake and Midway, and 0.032 cycle/min (30 min in period) for Johnston. Difference spectra defined as difference of the averaged spectrum to each tsunami spectrum were obtained to each tsunami. The difference spectra, being approximated as that of tsunami incident to the tide station, were compared with tsunami power spectra obtained at open ocean (DART21413) in the 2011 Tohoku tsunami and at Japanese coast (Ishinomaki, Sendai, Soma, Onahama and Ooarai) in the 2016 Off-Fukushima tsunami on Nov. 21,2016. The difference spectrum of 2011 Tohoku tsunami at Wake is shown with tsunami spectrum and average spectrum in Fig. 1. At the same time spectrum of DART 21413 by NOAA is shown in the same figure. DART 21413 (30.55N,152.13E) is located near the source and in the direction of N132E . On the other hand tide station of Wake is distant from the source and has an azimuth of N126E. Both the points have an almost same azimuth angle. The fact that main peaks in difference spectrum reproduce those of DART spectrum supports the response function. A part of tide gauge data is cited from webcites of NOAA and JMA. Author acknowledges the citation to NOAA and JMA.