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[HDS17-05] Deep-seated catastrophic landslides induced by large earthquakes along the Nankai and Sagami troughs
Keywords:Landslide, Nankai Trough earthquakes, Prediction of potential sites
Another type of landslides was toppling failure of slate, Neogene sedimentary rocks, and Mesozoic accretionary complexes. We confirmed 6 such landslides of this type (Kanagi, Oya, Shirotoriyama, Shichimenzan, Ikeyama, and Nakagochi). Ikeyama landslide may be a complex of toppling and sliding. Oya and Shirotoriyama landslides made landslide dams, which breached later and severe damage downstream. Kanagi and Ikeyama landslides could have occurred in combination with large earthquakes and following rainstorms.
Another typical example of earthquake-induced landslides was buckling failure of stratified rocks: alternating beds of sandstone and mudstone and mixed rocks at Ishigami and conglomerate at Shimobe. Buckling type landslide was found only two locations, but it has been induced by many other earthquakes. Shimobe landslide probably made a landslide dam because the deposits have a mound on the opposite side.
There occurred many rain-induced landslides in the outer belt of southwest Japan, and we have found many of them can be attributable to thrust faults with large brittle crushed zones, which may be a different setting from those of earthquake-induced landslides.